Fintan O'Regan, Sara Cave

ADHD and Attention Difficulties: How to Help


A complete, straightforward guide to the issues and challenges commonly faced by children and young people with ADHD and attention difficulties at home and at school – and the practical ways in which parents, carers, teachers and schools can help.



ADHD and Attention Difficulties provides a complete introduction to this complex and sensitive topic. The book explores the issues, challenges and experiences commonly faced by a young person with ADHD – and how parents, carers, teachers and schools can help. The premise of the book is that those who struggle with attention difficulties respond best to people who understand that it is neurological deficits, not unwillingness, that prevent them from behaving and learning like their peers.

View a sample of the book below


FIN O’REGAN is a Behaviour and Learning Consultant and Trainer who works nationally and internationally with schools and support systems to design management strategies for children and families struggling with special educational needs and behaviour issues. From 1996-2002 he was Head Teacher of the Centre Academy, the UK’s first school to specialise in issues related to ADHD, Autism and ODD. Fin has written books and articles on a range of learning, behaviour and socialisation issues.


SARA CAVE is Specialist Teacher for the Specialist Teaching and Learning Service in Ashford, Kent, advising and supporting mainstream schools and working in partnership with schools, parents and agencies to build capacity for inclusive practice for neurodivergent students who may face barriers in accessing the curriculum. Prior to this, Sara was a SENCO in a village primary school in Kent. She has extensive classroom experience working with children with attention difficulties.


ISBN: 9781913414122
Publication: March 2022

Publishers: Pavilion Publishing and Media Ltd


Series Preface; About the Authors;

Authors’ Preface; How to Use This Book

Part 1: Introduction

  1. What is ADHD?; 2. Causes and consequences; 3. Assessment and diagnosis; 4. Overlapping issues; Ten key things to know about ADHD

Part 2: How teachers can help

  1. Why are they bored?; 6. How can I create a class that’s ready to learn?; 7. Why can’t they remember and how do I support them?; 8. Organising the disorganised; 9. Promoting positive behaviour; 10. Why don’t they listen?; 11. Self-regulation; 12. Developing effective rapport, relationships and resilience

Part 3: How parents and professionals can work together

  1. The importance of parent-school collaboration; 14. Support through referral and assessment; 15. The role of medication; 16. Coaching, counselling and CBT; 17. Diet, sleep and exercise; 18. ICT and Speech and Language Therapy; 19. Transitions; 20. Adults & ADHD

Part 4: How parents can help

  1. What does ADHD do to a family?; 22. Diagnosis: the facts; 23. Working with schools; 24. Working with teachers; 25. Activities outside school; 26. Discipline and behavioural changes; 27. Social skills and situations; 28. A typical day

Part 5: Conclusion and resources

29. Summary; 30. Advice for parents and carers; 31. Advice for teachers; Appendices

About the Topic

ADHD is a condition that impacts behaviour. Those affected often seem restless, struggle to concentrate and act impulsively. ADHD affects around 5% of school aged children, especially boys. As many as 75% of individuals with ADHD have at least one other diagnosable condition.

The exact cause of ADHD is not known, but it is thought to have genetic and neurological factors. Researchers have found a range of possible differences in the brains of people with ADHD compared to those without ADHD. The child’s environment can also play a part, as can developmental injury to specific brain regions, drug use during pregnancy and premature birth.

There is no ‘cure’ for ADHD; however it can be managed with appropriate educational support, advice and support for both parents and children, alongside medicine, if necessary.


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